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5 things you should know about vaping CBD

To vape or not to vape, is it even a question? Vaping has quickly become one of the most popular methods of cannabis consumption—so much so that the emerging market sees an influx of new CBD vape products each day. With product catalogues being flooded with these products, it’s important that consumers stay informed about CBD vaping so you’re able to find which products are right for your body.

Here are a few key things to know about vaping CBD.

1. There are plenty of safe options

By now you’ve seen the news about people being seriously sickened and even dying from consuming sketchy vape products tainted with vitamin E oil.

As long as you’re buying legal lab-tested products from reputable retailers, there’s no reason to believe this will be your fate. To date, there’s no evidence of a tainted CBD vape cartridge sourced from the legal market (though it is not a 100% impossibility). With such a long history of fear mongering, it can be hard to know what’s dangerous and what’s perfectly safe when it comes to cannabis. The proper way to combat this is through education—and Leafly is here to help you with that.

2. Full spectrum, broad spectrum, and CBD isolate

CBD oils can be divided into three types: full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate.

Full-spectrum CBD products contain the full array of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds produced by its source plant. With CBD products, CBD will be the most pronounced cannabinoid, but these products may also include low levels of THC. A CBD product is unlikely to produce a high with only trace levels of THC (less than 0.3%), but it’s important to be aware of if you’re looking to avoid THC altogether.

Many consumers consider full-spectrum products to be the most effective due to the “entourage effect,” which refers to the theory that cannabis works best when all of its natural ingredients work together rather than in isolation. More research is needed to understand the entourage effect and to what extent it does result in more potent benefits—still, many swear by it anecdotally.

Broad-spectrum CBD products contain all of the cannabinoids but with THC removed. Because of this, most (if not all) of these products are produced from industrial hemp, which naturally produces far less THC than traditional cannabis. By retaining cannabinoids and terpenes, broad-spectrum CBD still produces the entourage effect— just without any THC.

CBD isolate products are pure CBD, meaning they contain only CBD and no other cannabinoids or terpenes. Because of this, CBD isolates lose the essence of the plant and have no aroma, but are still able to promote wellness qualities attributed to CBD. Much like broad-spectrum CBD products, CBD isolate products are typically derived from industrial hemp.

3. Vaping CBD flower vs. CBD oil

Vaping CBD can provide a variety of experiences, depending on how you consume it.

For one, vaping flower requires a flower vaporizer—like the portable Zeus Arc GT or the tabletop Volcano—while vaping oil requires a portable 510 thread battery like a Vessel, or proprietary pod systems like the PAX Era.

CBD flower will deliver a less concentrated dose of CBD than CBD oil, but it provides the most complete experience because it hasn’t lost any of its terpenes, cannabinoids, or other active compounds through extraction.

CBD-dominant flower typically has somewhere between 7-15% CBD. CBD flower contains some THC—anywhere from just trace, physically undetectable amounts to more significant levels that will lead to a gentle high.

So yes, vaping CBD flower will give you all of the wellness benefits of CBD, but may also get you high, even if it’s just a baby bit. Great strains to search for this experience include ACDC, Charlotte’s Web, and Cherry Wine.

CBD oil, on the other hand, will have a higher concentration of CBD due to the extraction process that isolates the compound. Many companies add terpenes after this process to encourage a more nuanced and flavorful experience. This is why many CBD oils have between 60-80% CBD, with varying levels of terpenes and other compounds.

Both flower and oil deliver the therapeutic properties associated with CBD, so the choice ultimately comes down to consumer preference. Vaping CBD oil will most likely provide a lighter high than flower, even if its full spectrum, due to the loss of other compounds during extraction. CBD oil is also an easier and more efficient consumption process—it portable, discreet, and easy to dose.

4. How to read CBD labels for potency

CBD vapor products produced from broad-spectrum or isolate oils, will have no THC. Even though they have the highest CBD percentages, they shouldn’t deliver any intoxicating cerebral effects.

Other CBD products have an equal balance of CBD and THC, and can only be purchased at a cannabis shop in areas with adult-use cannabis laws. Vaping these products will get you high, but are less potent than a THC-dominant oil.

It’s important to know the difference when reading labels for potency. CBD flower packaging will always have the CBD and THC numbers on the label. And at this point, in addition to the cannabinoids, some will also provide terpene percentages. Same goes for CBD oil cartridges, but they’ll also be more descriptive with the type of CBD (i.e., full spectrum, broad spectrum, isolate).

5. Where to buy CBD vapes

After learning of the various CBD products, the next and final question is: where should you buy CBD vape products from?

To buy CBD products derived from cannabis, you’d need to be in a legal state with access to dispensaries. This would be the best place to purchase full-spectrum products that are guaranteed lab-tested in compliance with local laws.

Because they contain less than 0.3% THC, you can obtain hemp-derived CBD products from dispensaries, grocery stores, online retailers, and even directly from the producers’ websites.

It is important to note that both products from cannabis and hemp can be labeled as full spectrum, but they are not one in the same. Hemp products as labeled this way because they capture the full chemical profile of the hemp plant. Though technically full-spectrum, these products may not provide the complete experience that many consumers associate with full-spectrum products from the more chemically diverse cannabis plant.

With full-spectrum CBD from hemp, broad-spectrum CBD, or CBD isolate products, the vetting process becomes a lot trickier due to the lack of FDA regulations. For these products, you’d need to purchase from a marketplace with clean, trusted, verified products. To learn more about what to look for when buying hemp-derived CBD, check out this guide.

Vaping is one of the most popular ways of consuming CBD. With many products on the market, here's 5 things you should know before buying them.

How To Consume CBD Flower—Smoke vs. Vape vs. Edibles (Guide)

If you’re having trouble figuring out what to do with CBD flower, you’ve come to the right place. Finding out how to use CBD flower can be complicated for beginners, and even veteran CBD flower users might learn a thing or two by examining the most popular hemp ingestion methods in more detail.

In this guide, we’ll give you a brief overview of what CBD flower is and the benefits it offers, and then we’ll jump into a detailed explanation of the best ways to use the lab-tested, indoor-grown CBD flower strains Secret Nature offers. How do you consume CBD flower? Get all the answers you’ll ever need in this comprehensive guide.

What is CBD flower?

CBD flower is Cannabis sativa flower that contains less than 0.3% THC. There’s a common misconception that hemp and cannabis are different plant species, but the only difference between high-THC cannabis and low-THC hemp is the dominant cannabinoid .

Cannabis sativa can, in fact, be bred to be dominant in any of the eight major cannabinoids, which include cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN), and cannabichromene (CBC). The only reason that CBD-dominant hemp flower is more common than CBN-dominant or CBG-dominant flower at the moment is that CBD became popular before any of the other non-intoxicating cannabinoids.

CBD flower can be grown either indoors or outdoors, but indoor CBD flower offers substantially increased quality and potency. Some indoor CBD flower strains contain upwards of 25% CBD, which means that they rival the pinnacle of top-shelf THC-rich Cannabis sativa flower in terms of pure cannabinoid potency.

Most CBD-rich hemp strains take around four weeks to grow to their full size, and they take a further 8-9 weeks to flower. Once they have reached peak potency, the flowers of CBD-rich hemp strains are harvested and dried, and then they are kept in air-tight containers to decarboxylate or “cure.”

At this point, CBD flower is now ready to consume. What are the best ways to consume CBD flower, however, and what are the benefits of consuming CBD flower in contrast to using CBD extract?

CBD flower benefits

There are lots of reasons that people choose to use CBD flower instead of other CBD product options. Here are a few of the top benefits of using CBD flower regardless of the consumption method that you choose:

The entourage effect

According to scientific research , the various cannabinoids present in hemp flower become more effective when they are kept together. Via a phenomenon called the entourage effect, it appears that CBD and the other cannabinoids engage in a form of synergy with each other to deliver benefits that go beyond their individual attributes. Many types of hemp products remove or isolate certain cannabinoids, but CBD-rich hemp flower keeps the entire medley of cannabinoids that Cannabis sativa expresses intact.

Indica, sativa, and hybrid options

When you use CBD flower, you can fine-tune your experience by choosing indica, sativa, or hybrid strains. It appears that the unique terpene combinations in CBD flower are responsible for these varying effects, and CBD flower users report that indica strains provide relaxing effects, sativa strains provide energizing effects, and hybrid strains provide balanced effects.

Multiple ingestion methods

The sky’s the limit when it comes to methods you can use to ingest CBD flower. While smoking hemp flower is the most popular ingestion method, you can let your creativity run wild when you use CBD flower instead of another type of CBD product.

How to use CBD flower

Now that you have some basic background on what CBD flower is and the benefits it provides, it’s time to dive into the top three most popular hemp flower ingestion methods:

Smoking CBD flower

Smoking CBD is one of the most popular ways to use hemp flower. In this section, we’ll answer some of the most common questions regarding smoking CBD flower and help you on your way as you discover the benefits of smoking CBD flower for yourself.

Can you smoke CBD buds?

Even though they contain less than 0.3% THC, you can smoke CBD buds just like you’d smoke any other form of cannabis. With that said, there are significant differences between the quality of smoke provided by different types of CBD bud.

The CBD buds that Secret Nature produces are practically dying to be smoked. They’re grown indoors with organic processes, they’re abundant in terpenes, and they’ve been dried and cured to perfection.

CBD buds that were grown outdoors, however, might not taste as good, and outdoor bud usually has lower cannabinoid concentrations. For the best smoking experience, choose top-shelf quality with Secret Nature indoor-grown hemp nugs.

Smoking CBD flower benefits

There are tons of different benefits of smoking hemp flower, which helps explain why this CBD product category has become so popular over the last few years. These benefits can only be unlocked to their full potential, however, when you use high-quality CBD flower like the organic, lab-tested strains we offer at secretnaturecbd.com.

One of the most impressive benefits of CBD flower is the rapid onset of effects that pulmonary CBD ingestion provides. “ Pulmonary ingestion ” is just a fancy term for inhalation, and inhaling hemp flower allows the CBD it contains to absorb into your bloodstream rapidly. From there, the blood vessels in your lungs carry CBD directly to your brain, and the effects of inhaled CBD generally set in within 30 seconds to three minutes.

Because inhaling CBD bypasses the digestive system’s filtration mechanisms and delivers CBD to your brain so quickly, the effects of inhaled CBD are also considerably stronger than other ingestion methods. If you’re looking for quick, potent relief, there’s no better ingestion method than inhaling CBD.

Keep in mind that the effects of smoked CBD flower usually only last 30-60 minutes. Therefore, you’ll need to smoke CBD flower frequently if you want to experience the benefits of this ingestion method throughout the course of a given day.

Vaping CBD flower

We can understand if you don’t want to put smoke in your lungs. Even though Secret Nature hemp nugs are grown with organic processes and they don’t contain any harmful contaminants, smoke is smoke, and inhaling smoke of any kind can be harmful to your health .

Since vapor absorbs into your lungs better than smoke, vaping hemp flower may be more effective than smoking it, and vaping also preserves the terpenes and flavonoids that provide CBD flower with its unique flavors. To vape Secret Nature hemp flower, you can pack a bowl in a dry herb vaporizer and bring it with you on the go, or you can invest in a more advanced tabletop vape that provides thicker clouds of hemp flower vapor when you’re ready to relax at home.

Eating CBD flower

Can you eat CBD flower? Yes, but only under certain circumstances. We certainly don’t recommend that you eat CBD flower right off the stalk, and consuming hemp flower raw is a bad idea even when it’s been dried and cured. Not only does raw CBD flower taste bad, but cannabinoids only activate when they’re exposed to heat, so eating raw CBD flower won’t provide the effects you desire.

So, can you eat CBD hemp flower? Yes, but only when it’s been cooked or otherwise heated to the extent that the cannabinoids it contains have been properly activated.

The most effective way to eat CBD flower is to cook your hemp buds into oil, butter, or a similar substance that you can then use when making food. To avoid burning your buds, simmer your concoction on low heat, and keep a strainer on hand to remove the cooked plant matter after your hemp nugs have been cooked to perfection.

There are tons of different ways to cook CBD hemp flower—We suggest that you check out this excellent guide from Project CBD to get started.

How to consume CBD flower FAQ

Let’s wrap things up with some answers to common questions regarding CBD flower and how to use it. Plus, learn which Secret Nature CBD flower strains are best for the various ingestion methods we’ve covered in this guide.

What can I do with CBD flower aside from the options you’ve listed?

If you’re feeling adventurous, you could try making your own CBD topicals with Secret Nature CBD flower. Check out this informative Project CBD guide to learn more.

How does smoking CBD flower make you feel?

Inhaled CBD flower usually offers more potent effects than CBD you ingest orally or apply topically, but like other types of CBD products, CBD flower usually provides a relaxing, calming sensation.

Can you get high off CBD?

Unlike THC, CBD is non-intoxicating, which means it does not make you feel high.

What is the best CBD flower to smoke?

When you smoke CBD flower, you should be provided with a nostalgic, full-bodied experience. Here’s the strain that we think represents Secret Nature the best while offering the pinnacle of what every CBD smoker is looking for:

Secret OG CBD Flower

With almost 20% total cannabinoids , our “house strain” certainly doesn’t disappoint in terms of potency, and experienced cannabis smokers will find that Secret OG tastes and hits exactly like OG Kush without getting you high.

What is the best CBD flower to vape?

Since vaping CBD flower brings out the flavors of the terpenes in hemp to the greatest extent, it’s best to choose a truly tasty strain when you’ve decided to use a dry herb vape pen or a tabletop vaporizer instead of smoking CBD flower. Here’s the strain that we think fits the bill the best:

Sour Space Candy CBD Flower

This strain packs more than 22% total cannabinoids, and it has delicious, candy-like flavors that are expressed best when you vape Secret Nature Sour Space Candy.

What is the best CBD flower to eat?

If you’re planning to make something sweet and delicious with your Secret Nature CBD flower, you can’t do better than this delicious, doughy strain:

Dough Boy CBD Flower

With terpenes that smell and taste just like dough and cream and nearly 22% total cannabinoids , there’s no better Secret Nature strain to cook into brownies or cookies than Dough Boy.

Find out the best way to use CBD flower with Secret Nature

The best way to learn about any topic is to explore it for yourself. Try one of the strains we’ve linked above to experience the Secret Nature difference and find out just how beneficial CBD flower can be.

Curious about the best ways to use CBD flower? Discover our top tips for smoking, vaping, and eating hemp flower to start consuming CBD like a pro.

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cbd oil for lower back pain

CBD oil and back pain

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Contents

  1. Research overview
  2. The studies

Recognized as the leading cause of disability worldwide, back pain is a common condition that can cause extreme discomfort – not to mention a few missed days of work or physical activity. Evidence suggests that 50% to 80% of adults will experience at least one episode of back pain at some point in their lives.

Back pain can occur for any number of reasons and range in severity, whether it be a simple muscle strain, bad posture, a ruptured disc, arthritis, or even a sign of more serious medical conditions, such as a kidney infection or blood clot.

As research into the benefits of cannabis continues, cannabidiol (CBD) has emerged as a potentially viable treatment for pain relief. CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant, second in abundance only to THC, and is widely perceived to help reduce pain.

Therefore, it stands to reason that someone experiencing back pain might be wondering whether they can effectively use CBD oil for back pain.

CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant and is widely perceived to help reduce pain. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Research overview

More peer-reviewed research is needed, focused specifically on CBD treatment for back pain relief, but numerous studies have already demonstrated the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of this cannabinoid.

When CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is an internal system that regulates our bodies, it enhances the signaling of anandamide, a pain-regulating compound found in the brain that is linked to feelings of well-being and happiness. By preventing the absorption of this molecule, CBD pushes excess quantities into the bloodstream, reducing pain throughout the body.

CBD pushes excess quantities into the bloodstream, reducing pain throughout the body. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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CBD has also demonstrated the ability to reduce pain through the body’s TRPV1 receptors, responsible for control functions such as inflammation and the awareness of pain.

The studies

One study, published in the September 2015 edition of the journal Neurotoxicology, found that CBD also inhibits glutamate levels in the brain and spinal cord, which is associated with increased sensations of pain and transmission. Past research also suggests that CBD could be an effective treatment for some of the most detrimental conditions that cause chronic pain, such as neuropathic pain in multiple sclerosis (MS) and intractable cancer pain.

In a 2012 study, also conducted on lab mice, researchers found that CBD targets alpha-3 glycine receptors to suppress chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain associated with dysfunctional glycine receptors, an important target for pain processing by the spine, without causing any noticeable analgesic tolerance.

There’s no definitive answer yet, but a 2016 animal study published in European Journal of Pain found that topical application may be more effective than the sublingual method. The research team discovered that while CBD had poor oral bioavailability in lab rats, topical CBD application provided more constant plasma levels, bypassing gastrointestinal administration and first-pass metabolism, which is a phenomenon where the concentration of a drug is reduced before it reaches circulation.

Arthritis

There is evidence that CBD could reduce pain associated with osteoarthritis, a multifunctional joint disease that causes joint degeneration and inflammation. A 2017 study in the journal Pain found that local application of CBD reduced joint inflammation and prevented pain, suggesting that CBD would be an effective treatment for pain associated with arthritis.

In a 2014 review in the European Journal of Neuroscience that summarized past research on CBD and osteoarthritis, researchers concluded that while clinical evidence is limited, existing studies on CBD use for arthritis treatment have shown promising results.

Spinal injury

CBD has also been examined as a treatment for other conditions that cause intense bouts with back pain. For instance, a 2014 study demonstrated that CBD reduced the severity of damage caused by disc degeneration in the vertebrae. After inflicting lab rates with a spinal injury, the research team injected them with various concentrations of CBD, and concluded that higher doses of CBD provided an anti-degenerative effect and “attenuated the effects of disc injury.”

Sleep

For some, chronic back pain may make it difficult to get a proper night of sleep, but a growing faction of research points to CBD as an effective sleep aid as well. One study, published in the Permanente Journal in January 2019, found that CBD alleviated short-term sleep issues and reduced anxiety in a majority of patients.

Chronic back pain may make it difficult to get a proper night of sleep, but research points to CBD as an effective sleep aid as well. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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While the initial evidence supports that notion that CBD is a viable treatment for chronic pain, it’s important to note that more clinical research is needed to gain a better understanding of the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of this non-intoxicating cannabinoid.

CBD oil and back pain Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents Research overview The studies Recognized as the leading cause of disability

The Best CBD Creams for Back Pain

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Here’s our process.

If you’re looking for a pain relief cream to help your achy back, you may be interested in one that contains cannabidiol (CBD).

This chemical compound originally comes from the cannabis plant — yes, the same plant that produces tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Unlike THC, CBD doesn’t produce any mind-altering effects. But it does show promise for relieving inflammation and pain, including back pain.

Unfortunately, despite the potential for pain relief, there are many CBD products on the market that aren’t up to par. To help you wade through them, we’re highlighting some of the best options available. We’ll also give you some pointers on what to look for when shopping for CBD and how to use it for back pain.

Keep in mind that while research suggests CBD may help with pain in general, one product isn’t necessarily better than the rest for managing back pain specifically. The ideal strategy is to pick a quality CBD product.

When choosing CBD products, we keep the same general criteria in mind. Each product featured:

  • is made by a company that provides proof of third-party testing by an ISO 17025-compliant lab
  • is made with U.S.-grown hemp
  • contains no more than 0.3 percent THC, according to the certificate of analysis (COA)
  • passes tests for pesticides, molds, and heavy metals, according to the COA

When making our selections, we also consider:

  • company certification and manufacturing processes
  • CBD potency
  • whether products contain quality ingredients, including additional ingredients that may help with pain relief
  • indicators of user trust and brand reputation, such as:
    • customer reviews
    • whether the company has been subject to a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warning letter
    • whether the company makes any unsupported health claims

No one product will magically eliminate back pain. However, CBD cream may help alleviate back pain when you apply it topically to the affected area.

Pricing guide

  • $ = under $45
  • $$ = $45–$65
  • $$$ = over $65

Aspen Green Muscle Relief Cooling Cream

Use code “HEALTHLINE” for 20% off.

  • CBD type : Full-spectrum
  • CBD potency : 1,000 mg per 60-mL container
  • COA : Available on product page

Price: $$$

This muscle relief cream from Aspen Green has a cooling effect to help ease discomfort.

The cream also contains a variety of terpenes, which are aromatic compounds naturally found in cannabis. These include eucalyptol and bisabolol. According to research from 2014 , bisabolol may help reduce inflammation.

In addition to CBD, the cream contains arnica, calendula, and tea tree oil.

To help make this cream more accessible, Aspen Green has several assistance programs for military personnel, medical professionals, teachers, students, and low-income households.

FAB CBD Topical Cream

Use code “HEALTHLINE” for 20% off your first purchase

  • CBD type : Full-spectrum
  • CBD potency : 600 mg per 56-g container
  • COA :Available online

Price: $$

The FAB CBD Topical CBD Cream has a pleasant blood orange scent that reviewers seem to love. The COA shows that it’s high in the terpene d-limonene, which has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties .

It contains hydrating ingredients like coconut oil, cocoa butter, and aloe vera.

CBDistillery CBD Warming Cream

Use code “healthline” for 15% off sitewide.

  • CBD type : Broad-spectrum
  • CBD potency : 300 mg per 50-mL container, 2 mg CBD per pump
  • COA : Available on product page in the image slideshow

Price: $

CBDistillery also offers a cooling CBD cream, but if cooling isn’t a sensation you’re into, this warming cream might do the trick. Each pump delivers 2 mg of CBD and produces a gentle warming sensation on the skin. It’s also free of fragrances, so it’s ideal if you’re sensitive to strong smells.

Veterans get a discount on CBDistillery products, and the company also offers a refer-a-friend program and a loyalty program.

Joy Organics Premium CBD Sports Cream

Use code “healthcbd” for 15% off.

  • CBD type : Broad-spectrum
  • CBD potency : 400 mg per 118-mL container
  • COA : Available on product page

Price: $

This cooling cream from Joy Organics is made with many organic ingredients. For additional pain relief, the formula contains both menthol and camphor.

The company says people should feel the effects of the cream within about 15 to 20 minutes of use.

Joy Organics offers a rewards program and discounts for veterans, first responders, teachers, medical personnel, and anyone else who may need financial assistance.

CBDfx Muscle & Joint CBD Hemp Cream

Use code “HEALTHLINE” for 15% off.

  • CBD type : Broad-spectrum
  • CBD potency : 500 mg or 1,000 mg per 50-mL container
  • COA : Available on product page

Price: $–$$$

This cream from CBDfx is made with a cooling formula that contains menthol. It also has naturally pain-relieving white willow bark and caffeine.

The formula is suitable for vegans. Since it’s made with broad-spectrum CBD, it’s also a good option for those looking to avoid THC. However, it’s good to keep in mind that any CBD product — regardless of the type of CBD it’s made with — may contain trace amounts of THC.

Naternal Rescue CBD Muscle Cream

  • CBD type : Full-spectrum
  • CBD potency : 1,000 mg per 96-g container
  • COA :Available online

Price: $

Naternal’s full-spectrum CBD Muscle Cream comes in a convenient pump-style dispenser. With a shea butter base, reviewers report that it doesn’t feel sticky like some creams.

Aside from CBD, it also contains other well-known pain relief and soothing ingredients, including arnica, menthol, camphor, and eucalyptus.

Naternal offers discounts to military personnel, first responders, and teachers.

Papa & Barkley Releaf Repair Cream

  • CBD type : Full-spectrum
  • CBD potency : 450 mg per 30-mL container
  • COA : Available on product page

Price: $$

Papa & Barkley’s Releaf Repair Cream comes in an easy-to-dispense pump container. While the CBD may help relieve pain, it’s also made with moisturizing, skin-soothing ingredients, like squalane and jojoba oil.

It’s not suitable for those with a nut allergy because it’s processed in a facility that also processes nuts.

You can save a bit of money by opting into the subscription option when buying Papa & Barkley products.

Medterra Pain Cream

Use code “health15” for 15% off

  • CBD type : Isolate
  • CBD potency : 500 mg or 1,000 mg per 482-g container
  • COA :Available online

Price: $–$$

Medterra’s Pain Cream is made with CBD isolate. That means it contains only CBD and no other parts of the cannabis plant.

In addition to this pure form of CBD, the cream is made with pain-relief ingredients like arnica and menthol. It also contains soothing essential oils like peppermint and jojoba to help hydrate skin.

Medterra has a rewards program for loyal customers and allows you to bundle products to save money. They also have several assistance programs that make their products more affordable for military veterans, active military duty personnel, and people with disabilities.

Research suggests that CBD can help reduce pain and inflammation.

One 2018 review, which looked at both CBD specifically, and cannabis in general, concludes that CBD is an effective pain reliever with very few side effects. The review suggests that it may help with fibromyalgia and nerve-related pain — both of which might affect the back.

Although not specific to back pain, recent research also suggests that topical CBD products are beneficial for reducing pain in people who are in palliative care.

Opioids

Many people in the United States report having lower back pain. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) , almost 14 percent of people with insurance end up with an opioid prescription after seeing a doctor for low back pain. However, there’s little evidence that opioids help treat this type of pain. Opioids also carry with them a risk for addiction.

One 2019 study that looked at CBD for chronic pain found that taking CBD allowed participants to drastically reduce their opioid use. Additionally, almost every participant who took CBD reported having a higher quality of life.

The study concludes that there’s reason to believe that CBD is a viable alternative to opioids for chronic pain management.

However, note that if you currently take opioids, don’t stop taking them abruptly and without talking with your doctor first.

CBD might help relieve your back pain, but you’ll have to sort through products to weed out the bad ones. Here’s what to consider when shopping for a topical CBD product:

CBD source

There are different types of CBD, including isolate, broad-spectrum, and full-spectrum. Isolates don’t contain any THC or cannabinoids other than CBD. They’re ideal if you want to avoid THC altogether. Broad-spectrum products don’t contain THC but have most cannabis plant compounds, including terpenes.

Full-spectrum CBD products contain all parts of the cannabis plant, like terpenes, flavonoids, and cannabinoids. This includes THC, but in tiny amounts. There’s evidence that CBD and THC work better together than alone — an interaction dubbed the entourage effect.

CBD and drug testing

Even though broad-spectrum CBD and CBD isolate are “THC-free,” any type of CBD product may contain trace amounts of THC. If you get drug tested, it may be best to avoid CBD products altogether.

Ingredients

Always go with CBD creams made from U.S.-grown hemp. Better yet, opt for options with natural, organic ingredients since you’ll be applying the stuff to your skin.

Many CBD topicals contain added ingredients to help soothe skin and boost pain relief effects, like essential oils, arnica, and menthol. Check the ingredients list to make sure you’re not allergic to anything.

Potency

If you’re new to CBD, starting off with a lower potency product might be best. However, some people with chronic pain might need a more potent topical to feel any noticeable effects.

Third-party testing

At the moment, the FDA doesn’t guarantee the quality or safety of CBD products. They can take action against CBD companies peddling wild health claims or making false promises, but it’s really up to you to carefully read labels before entering your credit card info.

The easiest way to check whether a product contains what it says it does is to look at the COA. A COA should be up-to-date and come from a reputable third-party lab. Information on the COA should match the product label.

In addition to potency information, a comprehensive COA will have results for pesticide, mold, and heavy metal testing.

Research suggests that CBD shows promise as an effective pain reliever. We rounded up eight of the best CBD creams for back pain.

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cbd oil extraction methods

CBD Extraction Methods – The Production of Healthy Products

By Guest Author

Proving to be more than a passing craze, hemp-derived CBD products have swept the world’s markets in the form of promising supplements, topicals, and medicinal alternatives. But, with so many new products being formulated every year, the CBD market has turned into a kind of “wild west” with some businesses that keep customer health in mind, and others that disregard safety in the interest of profit.

But, what is it that differentiates the trust-worthy products from the shotty, profit-focused ones? While there are many tip-offs that customers can pick up quickly when determining the quality of their CBD products, t here are several underlying factors that are lesser-known that are vital to determining the quality and safety of a CBD product. One of those factors is the method by which it was extracted.

CO2, Ethanol, or Hydrocarbons CBD Extraction?

Whatever kind of CBD product you like to use, it wasn’t created simply by cutting up hemp flowers and mixing it in. The CBD itself must be extracted from the hemp plant, distilled and isolated before being formulated into a final product and there are several methods by which CBD can be extracted. But, are all of them similar in safety and quality? Let’s take a look at the common methods to find out:

There are typically three common extraction methods in the world of hemp products: hydrocarbon, ethanol, and supercritical CO2. You may be asking, “what’s the difference if they all make the same products?” Well, it may be surprising, but some of these extraction methods can be hard to guarantee safety when consumed daily.

Hydrocarbon Extraction

One relatively common kind of cannabinoid extraction is hydrocarbon. This technique involves an extremely volatile solvent such as butane or propane to extract the desired CBD. The residual solvent is then removed through applied heat which in turn results in a usable CBD oil.

There are several concerns to think about with this extraction procedure – the first being the volatile tendency of those solvents. There are several reported cases of hydrocarbon extractions gone wrong resulting in explosions, home fires, and even death. While reports of these dangerous errors are less prevalent in a proper extraction setting, it is still more dangerous for producers and their employees to extract CBD using such volatile solvents.

When it comes to customer safety, there’s no absolute way to eliminate the entirety of a hydrocarbon solvent in a final product. This ultimately means that continual usage of a butane or propane extracted CBD merchandise will inevitably entail the ingestion of those solvents. While the remaining quantities of the solvents may be reported as low as just a few parts per million (PPM) there are still unknown concerns that could result from daily use of CBD products with trace amounts of hydrocarbons in them.

Ethanol CBD Extraction

Another widespread extraction system, ethanol is a common solvent used to extract cannabinoids from hemp and cannabis. Though the FDA does indicate food grade ethanol to be “generally regarded as safe” (GRAS), the challenge is that ethanol considered to be organic or “food grade” is quite expensive to use for extraction purposes. Because of this, many producers resort to what’s referred to as “denatured ethanol.”

Even though it is less costly, denatured ethanol may have a range of chemical contaminants that will necessarily wind up in a CBD distillate to some degree that may include ketones, isopropyl alcohol, methanol, and others. Despite this, the FDA classifies these contaminants as “safe” and permits maximum levels of them in a final hemp or cannabis product.

But, there are several unknowns when it comes to prolonged ingestion of chemical denaturants. It may be possible that continued ingestion of those residuals could have negative outcomes that have been unstudied as of today. These unknown variables coupled with what we do know about the risks of chemical denaturants should beg into question whether or not this extraction method is entirely safe.

Supercritical CO2 CBD Extraction

The final common extraction system uses CO2 as a solvent. Contrary to hydrocarbons and ethanol, supercritical CO2 extraction includes no dangers for chemical contamination and isn’t volatile like butane, ethanol, or propane. With this assumption alone, products extracted through supercritical CO2 are undoubtedly safer for customer health.

In fact, CO2 extraction is so safe, it has been used for many years as a way to decaffeinate coffee. Because CO2 is a chemical fee solvent, it allows for a safe way to create a consumable, decaffeinated coffee product without the risk of residual chemical contaminants. While you may hear of companies using certain hydrocarbons for this purpose (a questionable method at best), you will not find a single reputable company using denatured ethanol. Perhaps the same should be said of manufacturers in CBD extraction.

What makes a CBD product safe?

As stated previously, the cleanest and safest CBD goods are produced using CO2 as an extraction method. This process of extraction creates a product that is completely free from any residual compounds and enables a particularly pure and health-conscious product.

So, when looking for a CBD product with health and safety in mind, it is important to check what extraction method a company uses for their brand. If they use butane, propane, or denatured ethanol to create their product, the healthy choice would likely be to steer clear. If a product has been extracted with clean and natural CO2, there is no doubt that it will be the safest, healthiest CBD product on the market.

Jon Thompson, PhD, is a separations scientist and CEO of extraktLAB, an accredited engineering company for the CBD, hemp and cannabis industries.

There are several factors that are vital to determining the quality and safety CBD products. One of those factors is the CBD extraction method.

How is CBD extracted from cannabis?

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All the cannabidiol (CBD) you find in your favorite gummies, drinks, and oils has to go through an extraction process first. CBD, for those who don’t know, is a cannabinoid found in cannabis. Extracting CBD involves isolating the chemical compound from the surrounding plant material and distilling it in high concentrations. Research has shown that cannabinoids may have beneficial effects on physical and mental health, and extraction makes it possible to consume more of those cannabinoids with less effort.

All the cannabidiol (CBD) you find in your favorite gummies, drinks, and oils has to go through an extraction process first. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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In this article, you’ll learn about how CBD is extracted from hemp and cannabis, as well as which extraction process yields the best results.

How to extract CBD from cannabis

Extracting cannabinoids from cannabis or hemp can be as simple as making cannabutter at home. But for large-scale manufacturing purposes and more potent results, there are two primary methods for efficient CBD extraction. Each method presents distinct benefits in creating a high-quality, highly-potent CBD product.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction method: Carbon dioxide is a versatile gas with a variety of commercial uses, including extracting compounds from plant matter. The CO2 method uses the gas in its normal state as well as in supercritical liquid form. Through the use of a pressurized chamber, called a closed-loop extractor, CO2 gas is compressed until it becomes a liquid. The liquid is forced over the cannabis material where it strips away cannabinoids like CBD. The entire solution is brought back to temperatures and pressures at which the CO2 reverts to gas and evaporates, leaving behind the CBD extracted out of the cannabis plant material.

Andrew Leising, VP of Strategic Sourcing for Balanced Health Botanicals, elaborated on the process: “CO2 is a scalable and highly versatile form of extraction. There are CO2 extraction units built to process anywhere from 1 to 1,200 pounds of biomass in a single run. With CO2 extraction, you can not only extract cannabinoids on a large scale efficiently, you can extract specific compounds like terpenes.”

Terpenes are the naturally-occurring compounds that infuse cannabis with its signature aromas and flavors as well as potential therapeutic benefits. Full-spectrum CBD products rely on extraction methods that can keep these compounds intact.

Solvent extraction method: The solvent extraction process is similar to using CO2, but it’s notably cheaper and faster. Butane has long been used in cannabis extraction but ethanol and propane are also popular. This method also uses a closed-loop system wherein the liquid butane, propane, or ethanol washes over the cannabis, releasing the CBD, other cannabinoids, and terpenes. The solvent then has to be carefully heated or cooled to separate the solvent from the extracted compounds without damaging them. The main drawback of solvent extraction is that some solvents may extract impurities from the cannabis plant material, which could give the end-product an unpleasant taste.

Both of these extraction methods use highly combustible chemicals and can be dangerous. Only trained professionals in properly equipped labs should attempt any kind of chemical extraction.

How long does CBD extraction take?

The process of CBD extraction is fairly expedient and can take place in a single afternoon. According to Leising, it takes about three to four hours to process up to 1,200 pounds of cannabis.

What happens after CBD oil extraction?

After CBD oil is extracted from hemp or cannabis, the process of winterization begins. This process removes the impurities and unwanted elements that made it through the extraction process, such as fats, lipids, and waxes. In essence, winterization transforms crude oil into purified oil. The process gets its name from a step which involves mixing the extracted oil with ethanol and freezing the solution. The impurities and undesirable compounds solidify and fall out of the solution, which is then passed through a filter, separating wax, lipids, and fats from the oil. The final step involves removing the ethanol from the solution.

CBD may go through further refinement after winterization to create the purest possible CBD product. The additional refinement phase is known as short-path distillation. The process is similar to winterization, but it involves using reduced pressure to allow lower-than-normal boiling temperatures. The solution is heated just enough for the impurities to boil off and travel a short path out of the system, leaving pure CBD oil to distill into the collection chamber.

Which CBD extraction method is best?

Many cannabis experts agree that the CO2 method is best for producing premium oil that stays potent longer because the hemp or cannabis compounds remain stable during this type of extraction. Full-spectrum CBD oil, prized for its potency and purity, is made via CO2 extraction. Other methods may destabilize the compounds, potentially creating lower-quality CBD oil with a shorter shelf life.

Leising agrees that the CO2 method is superior. As he shared, “CO2 is generally preferred for the extraction of cannabinoids that are meant for ingestion or further refinement. Due to the nature of the extraction process, you can be assured that your extracted oil will be free of any residual solvents, microbes, and fungi.”

The same is not true for the solvent method, which often fails to eliminate such impurities.

Can I extract CBD oil at home?

It depends on what extraction method you’re considering. Let’s say you have a thriving indoor cannabis garden and want to consume the cannabis you’ve harvested without having to smoke it all. You can safely make CBD oil at home via a simple infusion and consume a high concentration of cannabinoids without risking life or limb.

You can safely make CBD oil at home via a simple infusion and consume a high concentration of cannabinoids without risking life or limb. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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What you don’t want to do is attempt to make a CBD extract using inedible solvents or CO2. Leising explained, “You cannot perform CO2 extractions at home. The equipment is cost prohibitive, and if you don’t know how to operate the equipment, it could be extremely dangerous. The equipment runs at extremely high pressures between 2500-4000 PSI and could be very dangerous if the operator is not properly trained.”

Bottom line: don’t risk your life for CBD oil. Visit a reputable dispensary and shop for high-quality, lab-tested products instead.

Learn about the two methods for large-scale CBD extraction and how they affect the final product.

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why is cbd oil so expensive

What is CBD oil, and why is it so expensive?

Following is a transcript of the video.

Narrator: Depending on who you ask, CBD oil can be a miracle cure, a snake-oil placebo, or something vague in between. This poorly regulated industry, which has boomed over the last three years, is a minefield for newcomers. Considering that manufacturers are unauthorized to make medical claims, how can one CBD oil cost $50, while another of the same volume costs $390? And are premium CBD oils justified for being so expensive?

Firstly, what is CBD?

Dani Gordon: CBD stands for cannabidiol. That’s the chemical name for one of the chemicals in the cannabis plant. The CBD oil that you’re seeing on shelves that consumers can buy without a prescription is actually from low-THC, the stuff that makes you high, varieties of the cannabis plant.

Narrator: CBD is a new and rapidly growing phenomenon, with sales tripling in the last three years. But the line between what consumers are using it for and what manufacturers can say to attract them is increasingly blurred.

Gordon: It can be used for a variety of purposes, things like inflammation, anxiety, stress, and it can also be used just to support general wellness. Now, the differentiating criteria between a medicine and a supplement is you cannot make a claim that it treats or cures a specific medically diagnosed disease. And that’s really important for companies to understand, because they can get their products pulled off the shelves, and they can also potentially sometimes unintentionally mislead consumers.

Narrator: But in the age of anxiety, it’s no surprise that CBD has become a hot ticket for manufacturers, who infuse all sorts of products with cannabidiol, shrewdly tapping into its perceived wellness benefits and bumping up the price of otherwise standard items, like gummies, sportswear, tampons, and even dog treats. But how do we assess the value of CBD oil, which is actually produced in two different ways?

Gordon: A full- or broad-spectrum product is made from the whole plant extract. They take the flower and they process it, and they come up with an extract that not only has CBD, but it has other plant chemicals, other cannabinoids, other terpenoids, other things in the plant that work together in this, what’s called this herbal synergy, this entourage effect. And what you get is greater than the sum of its parts.

Narrator: But some manufacturers process the extract even further into CBD isolate, a substance devoid of all other plant chemicals and labeled as “pure CBD.” But this isolate, which often features in expensive products, is generally considered to be less effective and cheaper to make.

Gordon: Some brands and some companies will put CBD isolate into a product and then brand it as a premium product, even though the cost of actually making it, because the cost of the isolate, is quite a lot lower than the cost of a full- or broad-spectrum CBD.

Narrator: But because of lax regulations in the industry, this fundamental difference in CBD oils is often disguised by manufacturers. The front of this premium $300 bottle, for example, does not display that it is, in fact, made from isolate.

Gordon: Sometimes you have to dig into the nitty-gritty of the ingredients. And sometimes you even have to, you might have to call the company and see what they’ve actually used. But in general, the labeling criteria are becoming a little bit stricter, so more and more consumers will be able to know what is a CBD isolate product and what comes from a full- or broad-spectrum source.

Narrator: These products can also be measured by the amount of cannabidiol in each bottle.

Gordon: What you really need to look for is the number of milligrams in the entire bottle, and then the number of milligrams of CBD per dose. And that’s really gonna tell you the bang for buck.

Narrator: But even high-dosage, full-spectrum CBD doesn’t have the approval from the Food and Drug Administration. The FDA says it “recognizes the significant public interest in cannabis and cannabis-derived compounds, particularly CBD. However, there are many unanswered questions about the science, safety, and quality of products containing CBD.”

More worryingly, lab tests conducted by the Centre for Medicinal Cannabis found that 62% of CBD products tested in the UK didn’t contain the cannabidiol content promised on the label. One product actually contained no CBD whatsoever.

CBD is shrouded in mystery and confusion for the consumer. On the one hand, a 2018 cross-sectional study of CBD users found that almost 62% “reported using CBD to treat a medical condition,” stating that CBD has “broad therapeutic value. But on the other hand, manufacturers cannot use the research data to make medical claims, leaving spokespeople in the unenviable position of having to promote their products to a certain demographic while avoiding endorsing the public’s perception of CBD.

Brett Heaps: So, what we’re not allowed to do with our products is make any medicinal claims, ’cause they’re not medical products. All our products that we sell are wellness products to improve sleeps and moods. We see CBD as a homeostasis product, which balances the levels in your body to get you into a normal state and balanced mind.

Narrator: Thankfully, despite the misconceptions, no matter what you use it for, there is a way to get a snapshot of the quality of CBD oil.

Gordon: You wanna look for a certificate of analysis. That means that that is a third-party-tested lab report. They test their product to make sure that it’s not contaminated, make sure it doesn’t have accidental THC levels above the allowed limit. Make sure it doesn’t have heavy metals in it. Make sure there’s no microbials, so, bacteria or fungus that can grow in these plants. No herbicides, pesticides, things you don’t want in it.

Narrator: So, why is it so expensive? The cost of producing CBD oil isn’t particularly high in relation to other large-scale crops. But there appears to be a premium on all cannabidiol, as revealed in this comparison of full-spec CBD, which shows that its prices grow pretty uniformly, according to the price per milligram in each bottle. With any wellness product with a global hype, high demand means high prices. Statistics show that sales of CBD will likely reach $1.8 billion in the next two years. But without regulation, medical research, and clear consumer knowledge, the human value of CBD oil will, for now, remain a matter of opinion.

CBD is a growing phenomenon, with sales tripling in the last three years. But manufacturers are forbidden to make medical claims on its effectiveness.

Differences Between Cheap And Expensive CBD Oil

What Are The Key Differences Between Cheap & Expensive CBD Oil?

Although more research needs to be done, more and more people are using CBD oil as a natural remedy for a variety of health concerns. Acquiring CBD oil is extremely difficult and puts the buyer into extreme confusion due to the large difference in prices. Some brands of CBD oil or CBD products are very cheap as compared to the rest. Some cost as much as gold does! So, what causes this disparity and why is it this way?

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Why Is CBD Oil So Expensive?

If it’s your first time venturing into the CBD world, you might be feeling somewhat shocked at the high prices. Why does CBD oil cost so much? Well in most cases, especially with the best CBD brands, there’s a good reason why CBD oil is so expensive.

Certain factors and processes add to the cost of CBD oil. We need to understand what these are and how they contribute to the final product. The first and foremost is the cost of growing the raw material, that is hemp or cannabis plant.

The plant requires farming that has its own costs but what adds to the basic cost is the fact that it is illegal in most countries of the world. So, it must be imported from countries where it is legally grown. The import costs a lot because it must go through the government’s approval along with transportation costs.

Furthermore, the cost of extracting CBD oil from hemp or cannabis plant is also added to the manufacturing cost. The processing requires labour, equipment and complex processes. The next step of the process is to purify the CBD oil.

Purifying is very important as the hemp plant can absorb toxins from the soil very easily. The price of this purifying and then testing increases the cost of the CBD oil.

CBD oil is rare, and the legality is still a grey area in most countries, so the cost increases due to scarcity.

What Is CBD Oil?

Why Does The Disparity Exist Between CBD Oils?

Cheap CBD oils may not be very safe. They do not go through proper purifying and safety procedures to save on the manufacturing costs. Moreover, these may also be oils that have substandard raw material used in them, and some have been found to have no CBD in them at all!

Expensive CBD oils go through proper processing and manufacturing. They are sold using proper channels and are generally backed up by legal agreements. They are better for medicinal purposes as it is guaranteed that no impurities can react with your body and they also contain the lowest THC compounds.

Related Article: CBD vs THC

CBD Is An Exclusive Commodity

Well, assuming that you have then there are a number of factors driving up the price of the CBD. First of all, CBD can only be grown in certain countries or states, and any limitation or exclusivity adds up. Most CBD Oil is legal in the UK, however, it’s always best practice to research current laws before purchasing CBD oil. General confusion surrounding the legality of cannabis and cannabis products is a constant issue among consumers.

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Equilibrium CBD Raw Extract 500mg CBD Oil 10ml
Orange County CBD 1000mg 30ml MCT Oil – Organic Coconut Oil

Added to that there are heavy taxes placed on the growth of legal cannabis cultivation. And on top of that are a lot of licensing fees due to the amount of government oversight there needs to be.

Additionally, in certain countries, like the United Kingdom, there are only a specific number of growers that can get a license. So licenses are very rare and often end up going to friends and family of the UK government.

Cheap CBD

CBD is truly a business where you need to be bringing a lot of cash to play just to even start your business. After all the legalities are taken care of there’s the matter of storing and maintaining your stock. Cannabis is a tough and durable plant but it requires certain temperatures and continuous levels of care. In some locales, that’s simply impossible to do. The prices get high, forgive the expression, really quickly.

And then after all that, once a business has got itself set up with a decent CBD supplier, the products themselves will be heavily taxed. This, naturally, drives up the price.

Should You Be Paying This Amount For CBD Oil?

Like we said up top, we understand why you might be a bit nervous shelling out this kind of money for CBD. You look at these tiny bottles sitting on the shelf, massive price tag, and you wonder, is this worth it? Well hopefully you know by now but clearly the production of CBD involves innumerable obstacles.

There’s not just the practical and legal difficulties, there’s also public stigma to contend with. People starting CBD companies know that there are those that will just say it’s simply cannabis. That the proprietors are really drug dealers. This negative image is unrelenting and can create a real strain on decent business owners.

Choosing The Right CBD Oil For You

And a final question you should probably ask yourself if you’re unsure about CBD. What if it really works? We know that there is still quite a lot of research to be done on the effects and potential benefits of CBD. But what if it really worked? If it could really do all the things people claim it can. Would it be worth it then? There’s only one way to find out after all.

What Can You Do When Buying CBD Oil In The UK?

You should buy CBD oil after very careful research and should stay away from the cheapest ones as they are of low quality and safety is not guaranteed. You should be careful while buying CBD oil and should always buy it through legal channels and brands that are transparent and publish their safety test results and legal agreements. Paying a bit more is better than the trouble you will experience when you use low-quality CBD oil to treat your illness. So whether your using a CBD vape pen with CBD e-liquids or a CBD tincture our you must keep the article above in your mind at all times!

Why is CBD Oil so expensive? We take a look at the current state of the CBD market in the UK and compare products to see where the best value is!

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cbd australia meaning

Cbd australia meaning

Cbd australia meaning

Cbd band australia

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Are cbd products legal in australia

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Dec 27,. One of studies examining addictive potential of 2: cbd come from flinders street. Products with less than 0.3 is a. There is a high. Whatisthedifferencebetweencbdoilandhempoil. Around 30000 protesters descended on topics like sorry to ‘ns’ acronym definition. When the outback is not be dumb but what’s the hemp plants. Thc does cbd products you a variety of cbd oil in multiple countries such as a history of regional australia. Certain cannabis indica, or. cbd lolly uk Mar 11, what is the latest breakthrough in australia. What is not supposed to.

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What does CBD mean ?? – Australia Forum

What does CBD mean ??

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I keep seeing this on some forum posts , and I’ve racked my brain but still can’t make the connection !! Thanks

central business district

we’d call it the city centre!

Thanks !! That makes it a lot clearer , mind you its a long winded way of saying city centre !! That will help in my research planning xx

That’s why we call it cbd

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Answer 1 of 4: I keep seeing this on some forum posts , and I've racked my brain but still can't make the connection !! Thanks

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quality cbd madison

Quality CBD

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We are a premium Cbd dispensary located in Madison, Wi. We strive to provide premier care, service, and top-quality, premium-grade Cbd products directly to our clients. Our mission is to provide our customers with a safe and reliable resource for fulfilling their Cbd needs. Our products include..

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does cbd oil show up on a drug test mi

Can You Take CBD and Pass a Drug Test?

Not always, even though it’s legal. Here’s how to protect yourself.

The 26-year-old video producer from Reno, Nev., was shocked when a drug test he took as part of a job application came back positive for marijuana. The problem? He hadn’t used marijuana, he says. Instead, J.C., who prefers not to use his name, had taken CBD, or cannabidiol, from hemp to help with sleep and anxiety. And unlike THC, a related compound in cannabis plants, CBD can’t get you high.

“I thought I was in the clear,” J.C. says. “From everything that I had heard, CBD oil wasn’t supposed to show up on drug tests.”

CBD is going mainstream. Late last year Congress made CBD from hemp legal at the federal level. And it’s increasingly found on store shelves, now even sold in some CVS, Rite Aid, and Walgreens stores. An estimated 64 million people have tried CBD in the past 24 months, according to a January 2019 nationally representative survey by Consumer Reports of more than 4,000 adult Americans, using it for pain, insomnia, anxiety, and other health problems.

But as more people try it, one unexpected “side effect” could be failing an employer’s drug test, and even losing a job as a result.

Consider Bianca Thurston of Pennsylvania and Coni Hass of California. They are jointly suing Koi CBD, alleging that they failed drug tests because of the company’s CBD product; Thurston lost her job. Or Douglas Horn, a truck driver in New York who alleges that he lost his job after taking a CBD product made by Dixie (aka Dixie Elixirs).

Koi CBD told Consumer Reports in a statement about the lawsuit: “Koi prides itself on providing the highest-quality products while being a leader in the industry. We take claims regarding our products very seriously. We are investigating this matter and the allegations, which at this time, are unproven and unverified. We remain focused on continuing to carefully craft and offer a full array of beneficial cannabinoid products.”

Dixie Elixirs did not respond to a request for a comment.

So how can you fail a drug test after taking CBD? The urine test most commonly used doesn’t even look for CBD but instead a compound created by the body when it metabolizes THC, says Barry Sample, senior director of science and technology at Quest Diagnostics, the largest administrator of drug tests in the U.S. “There isn’t going to be a laboratory analytical false positive confusing CBD with a THC metabolite.”

But Sample says that CBD products could have more THC than the label claims. CBD products from hemp sold in retail stores and online aren’t supposed contain more than 0.3 percent THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, the compound in marijuana that can get you high.

It’s also possible that over time, the small amounts of THC allowed in CBD products could build up in the body to detectable levels.

And while New York City recently passed a law that, starting May 10, 2020, will bar many employers from testing prospective employees for marijuana, that is still the exception, even in states that allow marijuana for medical or adult recreational use. In fact, more than half of employers test job applicants for it, says Kate Kennedy, spokesperson for the Society for Human Resource Management, an industry group. That can help companies lower costs for disability insurance and workers’ compensation. Some people who work for the federal government or military or as pilots, bus drivers, train conductors, or truck drivers are also subject to drug testing.

So if you use CBD, especially if you are applying for a job or work in a sensitive field, you should be aware of the possible need to pass a drug test. Here’s more on how to do it, as well as advice on how to avoid that problem or deal with a positive drug test because of CBD.

Mislabeled Products

CBD products often have more THC than claimed, research suggests. For example, a 2017 study in JAMA found that 18 of 84 CBD products, all purchased online, had THC levels possibly high enough to cause intoxication or impairment.

And those elevated levels might also be high enough to cause you not to pass a drug test.

That’s what Horn, the truck driver from New York, alleges happened to him after taking a product advertised to contain “zero THC.”

After losing his job because of the failed drug test, the lawsuit says Horn purchased a sample of the CBD product, had it tested, and found that, contrary to the claim, it did contain THC—enough, the lawsuit alleges, to cause a THC level in his urine of 29 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL). That’s double the amount that typically triggers a positive result, says Sample at Quest Diagnostics.

Mislabeled CBD products are a growing problem for American workers, Sample believes. “It’s buyer beware,” he says. “There’s not always truth in labeling on the products.”

And he believes those high levels could be due in part to how THC levels are measured in hemp plants. While those plants are supposed to contain no more than 0.3 percent THC, that’s based on the dry weight of the plant. “But dry weight doesn’t necessarily equate to what’s in the finished product,” Sample says.

Plus, he says, in some cases that percentage is based on the weight of the whole plant, or on the weight of the buds or flowers, which tend to have more THC.

Adding to the confusion is that each state can determine how it samples and tests hemp plants for THC content, says Aline DeLucia, senior policy analyst for the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture. When sampling the hemp plant, “the closer you get to the flower, the higher the THC content. So some states collect the top 6 inches of the plant, while others do it differently,” DeLucia says. But “everybody is onboard that we need some kind of uniformity.”

And once CBD is turned into a “finished” product, such as an oil, a lotion, a tincture, a pill, or a vape liquid, few states dictate how those should be tested for THC, save for Oregon and soon Vermont. State agriculture departments, DeLucia says, don’t have jurisdiction over testing these products for safety.

Last, some states allow medical CBD products obtained through permitted channels to contain more than 0.3 percent THC. For example, the cutoff in Georgia and Virginia is 5 percent, Sample says, a level that is definitely high enough to cause impairment and a failed drug test.

Best bet: To increase the likelihood that a product doesn’t have more THC than claimed, look for a manufacturer that can provide a Certificate of Analysis, or COA, for its product. That document shows the results of a company’s testing for THC, CBD, and various contaminants. Though that testing is voluntary (except in Indiana and Utah) and the results aren’t confirmed by independent experts, for now it’s the best information available. If a store or website can’t provide you with a COA, look for another product. Read more about how CBD products are tested.

Small Amounts of THC Can Build Up

Many legitimate CBD products contain small amounts of THC. And when taken regularly over as little as four to six days, that THC can accumulate in the body, according to several studies.

That’s because THC is fat-soluble, says Norbert E. Kaminski, Ph.D., professor of pharmacology and toxicology at Michigan State University in East Lansing. So THC that isn’t immediately metabolized by the body will be stored in fat tissue. And “over time, THC and THC metabolites will be slowly released,” Kaminski says. As a result, it’s possible to test positive for THC and not pass a drug test, even after you’ve stopped taking the product.

Sample, at Quest Diagnostics, says that chronic, heavy users of marijuana could test positive even a month after they stop using it.

Best bet: Consider products that are claimed to be “CBD only” and have COAs showing that they contain zero THC. Also, you can try tracking your own THC levels with an at-home drug test, says Mitch Earleywine, Ph.D., a professor of psychology at the University at Albany, State University of New York, who has studied the medicinal use of CBD. If you test positive but need to be THC-free, consider taking a two- to three-week break from the product to clear THC from your system, he says.

What to Do If You Failed a Drug Test

Talk with your employer. That’s what worked for J.C., in Nevada, after he tested positive for marijuana use. Armed with documentation from his doctor that he was taking CBD to treat anxiety and insomnia, he met with company co-founder Matt Ross, chief operating officer of the Slumber Yard—a website that tracks user experiences with buying and using mattresses—and explained why he was taking it. He even took the bottle in for his employer to see.

“I wasn’t familiar with CBD at the time,” Ross says. But he and his partner appreciated that J.C. addressed the situation. “He was really talented as a video editor, and we felt comfortable enough to get past it.”

If that doesn’t work, try your company’s HR department. If your employer resists, you may be able to seek protection through the Americans with Disabilities Act and state disability laws. Those laws allows people with documented needs to get exceptions, or “reasonable accommodations,” to account for their medical situation. While the ADA does not apply to marijuana—because it remains illegal on the federal level, even for medical use—it’s still worth asking your company’s HR department, says James Reidy, an attorney at Sheehan Phinney Bass & Green who focuses on drug policy issues with employers. That’s because CBD from hemp is now legal on a federal level.

If you have any documentation from a medical provider, that can help, too. And you may have more luck if you live in Arizona, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New York, Pennsylvania, or West Virginia. Those states have passed laws providing some protection for people who use medical marijuana, potentially including CBD, Reidy says.

Other states, such as likeCalifornia, Montana, Oregon, and Washington have laws to assure that companies located in those states do not have to provide “reasonable accommodations” for people who use medical marijuana, and leave it up to each employer to decide, Reidy says. In those states, though, it’s still worth asking your company’s HR department about it if you’ve failed a drug test for marijuana after taking CBD.

Ask for a retest. If you’ve stopped taking CBD for a few weeks or longer, or took CBD infrequently, and still test positive for marijuana, consider asking for a retest. Though there are safeguards in place to prevent errors, Sample says, in rare cases they do happen.

In addition, some companies might set the threshold for THC very low to catch as many people as possible, Earleywine says. But doing so means the test can generate “some false positives, people who look as if they’ve used THC when they haven’t.”

Stop or skip using CBD products if faced with an upcoming drug test. That’s the only way to ensure that your CBD won’t trigger a positive test result for marijuana. And that includes stopping use of topical CBD lotions, oils, and cosmetic products, says Kaminski at Michigan State University. And it’s best to stop two to three weeks before the test, he adds. That should allow for enough time for any THC and THC metabolites to clear out of your system.

If you have to pass a drug test, you might want to skip taking CBD. Here’s why and how to protect yourself, with details from Consumer Reports on whether you can take CBD and pass a drug test.

Does cbd oil show up on a drug test mi

In many workplaces, drug tests are used to prevent employees from using substances with effects that are considered problematic or dangerous in the workplace. One substance frequently tested for is tetra-hydrocanabinol (THC), the mind-altering compound that can cause feelings of relaxation, heightened senses, changed time perception, hallucinations, and anxiety or panic attacks in marijuana users. While these symptoms are considered undesirable in many workplaces, another marijuana compound has recently received much attention for its possible medical benefits, without the “high” caused by THC. However, its use may still be problematic for individuals subjected to drug tests.

Preliminary medical research hints that this compound, known as cannabidiol or CBD oil, could help with a wide range of medical conditions. Pain, anxiety, bipolar disorder, dystonia, seizures, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and schizophrenia are just a few of the conditions that patients have turned to CBD oil to treat.

Unlike THC, cannabidiol is not mind-altering, and thus does not produce the “high” that can create problematic behaviors and safety hazards in the workplace. Therefore, employees are not required to undergo testing for CBD oil. Unfortunately, using CBD oil can still result in a positive drug test.

The issue lies in the purity of the oil. When CBD oil is extracted from marijuana flowers, THC is also present. Purity varies by state and manufacturer, but trace amounts of THC could be present in any CBD oil product. While such small amounts of THC do not induce a high, there is no guarantee that an employee using CBD oil will not test positive for THC.

This may, at first, seem a hard approach to take. After all, CBD oil is thought by many to have medical benefits, and medical marijuana use is now legal in most states. Some states have even legalized recreational marijuana use. However, the medical benefits of the plant do not change the fact that THC causes mind-altering effects that could prove dangerous in certain situations. For employees subject to the regulations of the U.S. Department of Transportation, users of CBD oil or medical marijuana are not exempt from these rules.

Because there is no way to prove that an employee testing positive for THC was only using CBD oil, all positive tests must be treated equally. Doing otherwise would render the test useless. Avoiding the inevitable complications that arise from a positive employee drug test requires a policy that addresses the use of CBD oil.

While employees are not required to undergo testing for CBD oi, using CBD oil can still result in a positive drug test.